Amada Weld Tech
Resistance welding is a thermo-electric process in which heat is generated at the interface of the parts to be joined by passing an electrical current through the parts for a precisely controlled time and under a controlled pressure (force). The name “resistance” welding derives from the fact that the resistance of the workpieces and electrodes are used in combination or contrast to generate heat at their interface.
While Amada Miyachi America not invent resistance welding, it perfected the technology and was the first to apply it to welding small microelectronic modules in the early 1950’s. Today, Amada Miyachi offers a wide range of welding technologies which have been used successfully for decades. Core resistance welding technologies include Linear DC, High Frequency Inverter, Capacitive Discharge and AC. They are used for resistance spot welding, seam welding, gap welding, projection welding, thermo compression bonding, strand welding and insulated wire welding.
Laser Welding / Laser Marking
Lasers produce a beam of high intensity light which, when focused into a single spot, provide a concentrated heat source, allowing narrow deep welds and fast welding speeds. The process is frequently used in high volume applications such as in the automotive and medical industries. Laser welding is a non-contact process which requires access to the weld zone from only one side of the parts being welded. There are many joint geometries that can be welded, but there must be a close fit-up at the joint interfaces, which makes tooling a key aspect for laser welding success.
Laser Marking, also known as ‘laser engraving’ or ‘laser etching,’ is a marking method which utilizes laser light to mark materials using a fine spot diameter ranging. The laser engraver marks with short pulses (10’s-100’s of nanoseconds), providing precise control, and negligible heat input to the part.
Laser Cutting & Laser Micromachining
- Laser cutting and laser micromachining are non-contact processes which utilize a laser for micro drilling, micro milling, micromachining, micro patterning, micro scribing and ablation for industrial applications. The cut and feature edges are of high quality with little no burring, low surface roughness and dimensional accuracy.The laser micro cutting process works by directing the laser beam through a co-axial gas nozzle to the workpiece. The laser melts a thin filament of material according to power and part conduction, the pressure of the coaxial assist gas then removes this molten filament through the underside of the cut. This process is repeated as the laser moves across the workpiece. According to cut conditions the periodic removal of material can sometimes be seen as “striation” lines running from the top to the bottom of the cut edge. This is a single pass processing technique that can create single sided features and asymmetrical features with very small internal radii.
Micro TIG Welding
- Micro TIG welding (micro tungsten inert gas), also known as pulse arc welding, is an arc welding process that uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce an arc which creates the weld. Micro TIG welding is a non-contact process, which, like laser welding, requires an external fixture to apply force to create proper part fit up. It utilizes a constant current welding power supply which produces high quality welds with minimal heat affected zone by generating arcs between the workpiece and the tungsten electrode, and using the resultant heat to create the joint.Micro TIG processes focus on welding small parts of area 5 mm x 5 mm. These are usually delicate parts in the automotive, medical, or electronics industry. Pulsed arc welding has many advantages. For example, it’s a solder-free process and the resultant weld is highly durable when exposed to vibration and heat. In addition, pulsed micro TIG welding is widely applicable for joining high melting point metals, dissimilar metals, and even thin magnet wires of φ0.02mm.
- Hermetic sealing processes generally take place in gloveboxes or dryboxes which enclose the seam sealers in a controlled atmospheric environment. The electronic device is loaded into an oven through the glovebox outer door. Parts are subjected to a vacuum bakeout process to ensure a moisture free device prior to sealing. This process eliminates moisture from the surfaces of device and process materials like epoxies which may out gas in the package. After bakeout, the operator opens the inner door and unloads the device into the enclosure to undergo the hermetic sealing process. The enclosure section of the glovebox is an automatically controlled dry environment. Dry inert gas like nitrogen or argon is purged into the enclosure to displace moisture saturated gas, while maintaining it at a slightly pressurized environment, preventing moisture from the ambient atmosphere from migrating into the glovebox. After sealing, parts are taken out of the enclosure and will undergo MILStd 883 hermetic seal, fine and gross leak testing.
Hot Bar Soldering & Bonding
- Pulsed heated hot bar reflow soldering is a selective soldering process in which two solder plated parts are pressed together and heated to a temperature adequate to cause the solder to melt and flow, after which the parts are cooled to form a permanent electro-mechanical bond. Pulsed heated soldering differs from traditional soldering because the reflow of solder is accomplished using a heating element called a “thermode” which is quickly heated and then cooled down for each connection resulting in strong joints. Pressure is applied throughout the entire cycle resulting in precise positioning. It also makes the process suitable for parts that might otherwise disconnect during cool down. Hot bar reflow soldering is also a good choice for applications that require multiple connections to be made simultaneously; up to 200 leads or wires can be connected in a single process cycle. Hot bar reflow soldering processes are reproducible, quantifiable, and traceable to quality standards such as ISO / NIST. Hot Bar reflow soldering is safe, highly operator-independent and easy to automate.